The town was full of the craziest erotic artwork you’ll ever see—for example, the statue of Pan sexually assaulting a goat. This is one of the reasons why Romans placed a high value on having sons, and male adoption was a common occurrence. In a time before modern sanitation and medicine, getting through an average day was a difficult task—and far more disgusting than you could ever imagine. Strangely, some Roman physicians actually report that this treatment worked. Wooden swords were also common so they could pretend fight. Pompeii was filled with art that was so filthy that it was locked in a secret room for hundreds of years before anyone was allowed to look at it. The Jews were furious. 20 fun facts about Rome | History & culture #1 Rome was founded in 735 BC Rome was thought to be founded in 753 BC by Romulus. According to the myth, it was here that Romolo decided to found Rome. Scholars still debate whether Roman girls also wore a bulla or if they had a different type of amulet called a lunula. It was not uncommon for an entire family to live in just one room. He was granted complete authority ... 9 Receiving the Bulla. As with many societies, education in ancient Rome was mostly available to the rich. A Roman paterfamilias (the family’s oldest living male) had, in theory , the power to kill someone within his household with impunity. Rome was the first modern city to reach a population of 1 million by 50 BC! Ancient Rome holds a mythic place in our imaginations. Socially, children started to explore the world at this stage. Board games were popular with young and old alike. Some would gather it at public urinals. The Palatino is by far the most important among the original seven hills on which Rome was built upon. Ancient Rome is one of the biggest cradles of civilization in human history. For more than 1000 years, the civilization of ancient Rome was the center in Europe. When you entered a Roman toilet, there was a very real risk you would die. That might sound like a tragic loss of an advanced technology, but as it turns out, there was a pretty good reason nobody else used Roman plumbing. The bulla was a pendant meant to ward off evil spirits, as well as signify the boy’s status as a freeborn citizen of Rome. Soon enough, a Roman adolescent could choose to become a merchant, an artist, an entertainer, or a tradesman. These include the wearing of white and carrying the bride over the threshold. A sixteen-year-old Roman male could pursue sexual relationships before marriage. Others went door-to-door with a big vat and asked people to fill it up. In some homes, people would just throw up right there on the floor and go back to eating. Roman Empire is was one of the largest empires of the ancient world. The rich could afford a domus—a large house with multiple rooms, an interior courtyard, and, in some cases, shops that faced outside called tabernae. In ancient Rome, the pater familias was the uncontested head of the household. Later kings expanded the group to 300 members. Apparently, even in Roman times, dog was man’s best friend. Weird as it may sound, the ancient Romans had to pay urine tax! This time was spent mostly at home being looked after by parents, grandparents, guardians, and older siblings. As the empire grew, so did the variety of jobs. “Friends, Romans, and cybergeeks, lend me your ears!” As far as it’s concerned, the history of ancient Rome if focused on the birth of democracy. Their jobs were terrible. It grew into a rich and powerful city during the next few hundred years. Interesting Facts About Roman Law The Romans had three branches of government including the legislative assemblies (branch of the people), the senate (branch of the nobles and patricians), and the consuls (executive branch). His website is regularly updated with everything he writes. Some people threw up into bowls that they kept around the table, but others didn’t let themselves get so caught up in the formalities. The floor you lived on was often inversely proportional to your social status. Boys reached sexual maturity when they were 15-16 years old. The social status of a boy’s family usually dictated what kind of job he could be eligible for once he became a teenager. They were granted legal privileges and responsibilities, although Roman law still considered them adolescents until the age of 25. The worst part came when you finished. Rome started off as a small town on the banks of the Tiber in central Italy at the beginning of the eighth century BC. Augustus brought the legal height limit of insulae down to 70 Roman feet (20.7 meters), and Nero lowered it again to 60 Roman feet (17.7 meters) after the Great Fire. Many wealthy families preferred to keep birds because they also served as a status symbol: their special dietary needs and upkeep placed them out of the range of a typical Roman family. Romans celebrated the coming of age of young men at the Liberalia, a festival marked by food, wine, song, and dance. They were meant to keep the peace, but one soldier did a little bit more. His website is regularly updated with everything he writes. There were people who made their living just from collecting urine. 1. When they got their first look at it, though, the archaeologists found things that were so obscene that they hid them from public view. They had a variety of games using dice, knucklebones, and stone pieces. It was first created as a 100-member advisory group for the Roman kings. As ancient Rome and the Romans is ancient to modern day people, when we study about their history, so too were the pyramids of Giza and the Egyptians to the Romans. During the Golden Age of the Roman Empire, it became the area chosen by most e… According to Seneca, Romans at banquets would eat until they couldn’t anymore—and then vomit so that they could keep eating. In Josephus’s own words, the soldier lifted “up the back of his garments, turned his face away, and with his bottom to them, crouched in a shameless way and released at them a foul-smelling sound where they were offering sacrifice.”. In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the Italian city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom (753 BC–509 BC), Roman Republic (509 BC–27 BC) and Roman Empire (27 BC–476 AD) until the fall of the western empire. The highest levels of education involved learning rhetoric by studying the works of great orators such as Cicero and Quintilian. Traditionally, the midwife placed the newborn at his feet, and only if the pater familias picked it up would the baby become a formal part of the family. Rome holds the unique distinction of recording the first mooning in history. This was also a good way for the lower classes to secure a steady income and even earn land once their 25-year service was over. It’s the land of historical epics like Ben-Hur and Gladiator, where men in golden armor ride chariots and emperors are fed grapes in reclining chairs. Their cities had public toilets and full sewage systems, something that later societies wouldn’t share for centuries. Male children did not really have to concern themselves with marriage since men typically married in their mid-twenties. Older children would attend more advanced schools, studying specific topics such as public speaking and writings of the great Roman intellects. However, these positions were typically passed down from father to son. Ancient Rome had two types of schools - one for children up to 11 or 12 who learned reading, writing and basic mathematics using an abacus. The ultra rich also had villas outside the hustle and bustle of Rome. The wedding featured numerous customs which evolved over the centuries, and some are still found today. Any new baby had to be accepted by the pater familias. The Roman crowd loved exotic animals but as these animals were expensive few such fights were organized but they were great crowd-pullers. Mark Oliver is a regular contributor to Listverse. Interesting Facts About Ancient Roman Food and Drink. Cats were common pets, as were various Old World monkeys such as Barbary macaques. When the kings were expelled from Rome and the Republic was formed, the Senate became the most powerful governing body. According to Pliny the Elder, people in Rome patched up their scrapes and wounds with goat dung. The bottom floor was taken up by tabernae and other places of business. A slave could also be forced to carry a piece of wood round his neck. He was granted complete authority both by Roman law and mos maiorum (the collection of unwritten customs and traditions). Several authors and poets make mention of monkeys and the mischief they caused. Roman women had limited rights as citizens. Facts about Ancient Rome 3: the shops in the Trajan Market. Our fun facts about ancient Rome + travel tips! It wasn’t matched by any other European city until London finally over took it in the 19th Ct. 2. Ancient Rome was more densely populated than modern Manhattan. This wasn’t even a poor man’s solution. The early Romans adopted culture from their neighbors, the Greeks, and Etruscans, in particular, but imprinted their unique stamp on their borrowings.The Roman Empire then spread this culture far and wide, affecting diverse areas of the modern world. That’s an attractive image, but it’s hardly the worst way Romans used goat dung. 100 Facts About Ancient Rome and the Romans. In fact, there’s a Roman poem that survives today in which a poet mocks his clean-toothed enemy by saying, “The fact that your teeth are so polished just shows you’re the more full of piss.”. Others went door-to-door with a big vat and asked people to fill it up. It was founded in the 8th century BC, and it lasted all the way to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5h century AD. Some would gather it at public urinals. Ancient Rome, the state centered on the city of Rome from 753 BC through its final eclipse in the 5th century AD. It was made out of wood or metal and sometimes had bells on it. Some, though, came pre-equipped with statues of Fortuna, the goddess of luck, guarding them. And it’s a shame that facts like these seldom get repeated because the image of Rome we're otherwise left with is simply incomplete. Most of the population, however, was crowded into apartment blocks called insulae. Even if they were lucky enough to survive for more than a few years, they had to look forward to a life filled with grueling or dangerous work for little reward. A slave caught committ… The first couple of stories had more spacious and more expensive apartments. Also, don’t forget to check out our Rome Facts and Figures as well as Ancient Rome Facts. Despite this, people persevered. This was used by politicians to gain popularity with the lower class. Much like a modern birthday, friends and family visited to offer the baby gifts and well-wishes. In Roman times, soap was hard to come by, so athletes cleaned themselves by covering their bodies in oil and scraping the dead skin cells off with a tool called a strigil. This included not only those physically living under his roof, but the wider family of brothers, sisters, nieces, and nephews as well. At age 15, boys passed into manhood. Toilets were so dangerous that people resorted to magic to try to stay alive. As the mosaics in Pompeii showed, more than a few Roman houses came with the inscription “Cave canem”—“beware of dog”. The history of the Roman Senate goes as far back as the history of Rome itself. Girls, however, married much younger, as early as age 12. There is no need to wonder that the art also took over the attention of the people in Europe. Image Credit: cosmicconvergence. Real life in Rome, though, was quite a bit less glamorous. The first period was known as infantia. The most popular sauce was a fermented fish sauce called garum. Instead, they displayed them proudly. Greetings Motherfactors! Most of the gladiators who fight in this game were slaves who were sustained under harsh conditions and remained isolated throughout their lives, even after their death. Some insulae could reach eight or nine stories. Slightly lower down the totem pole were administrative positions within the empire: tax collectors, notaries, clerks, lawyers, teachers, etc. 1) Rome was founded in 753BC by its first king, Romulus. The Romans dressed up their meals with various sauces. These were made out of a wide range of materials such as terracotta, wax, clay, wood, metal, and stone. The father had the authority to disown and sell his children into slavery should they anger him. Ancient Rome 101 Spanning over a thousand years, ancient Rome was a civilization of constant evolution. Legend says that Romulus and his twin brother Remus were raised by a she-wolf after being abandoned in the Tiber river. Ruling with fear, he was eventually despised and rejected by the Roman people. At its peak, ancient Rome was home to over one million people, a feat that would not be repeated in Europe until Industrial-era London. In the words of Seneca: “When we recline at a banquet, one [slave] wipes up the spittle; another, situated beneath, collects the leavings [vomit] of the drunks.”, Romans didn’t have Band-Aids, so they found another way to patch up wounds. Two types of residential housing were common in the city. They drank it for a little boost when they were exhausted. Most girls had little say regarding their future husbands. It had 50 to 90 million inhabitants who are roughly somewhere around 20% of the world’s population. In ancient Rome, pee was such big business that the government had special taxes in place just for urine sales. Most parents would not want to jeopardize this valuable commodity by letting their daughters get too old or lose their chastity. Mark Oliver is a regular contributor to Listverse. The government of Rome provided free or cheap grain for the poor called a "grain dole." Only a privileged few got to reap the benefits of life to its fullest. In fact, Liberalia was associated with the older, more lavish Bacchanalia dedicated to the god of wine and fertility, Bacchus. They didn’t share our skittishness toward the male member. In ancient Rome, pee was such big business that the government had special taxes in place just for urine sales. There were people who made their living just from collecting urine. Roman medicine also had its fair share of eccentricities. Girls older than 12 were suitable for marriage. For example, they’d clean their clothes in pee. Some Interesting Facts about Rome in Modern Times. Eventually, a shepherd found the boys and took them in as his own. To this day, you can walk through Pompeii and see a sight Romans would enjoy every day—a penis carved into the road with the tip pointing the way to the nearest brothel. Besides acting as a toy, it is possible the Romans also used it as a ward similar to the bulla. Even so, it pales to that of ancient Rome. Rome responded to it with ambivalence: although Greek doctrina was attractive, it was also the culture of the defeated and enslaved. Soon a full-on riot broke out in Jerusalem—and a gesture that would live on for thousands of years was born. Romans started placing more importance on education, and tutors became more accessible as many of them were slaves. Rome has been praised for its advances in plumbing. Hoops, kites, balls, and spinning tops were common toys available for children of all ages. Another form of Roman punishment was to mark a slave's forehead. Wealthier ancient Romans had pipes in their walls and floors, that ran cold water from the aqueducts, as an early form of air conditioning. This was about more than looking good. Boys were expected to wear their bullae until they reached adulthood while girls wore their pendants until their wedding day. 10 Harsh Realities Of Growing Up In Ancient Rome. Instead, Romans waited for a week before naming the child during a celebration called the dies lustricus (“day of purification”). Facts about the Romans. Life in ancient Rome was rough, especially for children. Other games included hide-and-seek, leapfrog, and terni lapilli (tic-tac-toe). Get your chariots ready as we delve back in time to the land of Gladiators, togas and more Gods than you can shake a spear at! One of Rome’s least popular, Emperor Tiberius was forced into leadership, but spent much of his time living remotely on the island of Capri. Adultery was typically regarded only between a married man and a Roman wife or unmarried daughter. A slave would commonly be beaten for various offenses. 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This forced the government to come up with impressive innovations such as the aqueducts and the Cloaca Maxima sewage system to deal with the ever-growing populations. The name Romulus was probably invented to fit the name of the city he was said to have founded on the ... 2. Boys preferred moving toys such as carts or horses with wheels. Again, these jobs were typically available to young men with a strong education, although some of these positions were also available to educated slaves, particularly the Greeks. A slavehad no rights whatsoever and was literally treated as merchandise. During most of the Roman Republic, education remained an informal practice involving parents passing down knowledge to their children. He was even allowed to kill them, although records show this was a rare occurrence and was eventually outlawed by Augustus. At age 12 or 13, children who could afford an advanced education would go to a “grammar school”, taught by a grammaticus. First, they demanded that the soldier be punished, and then they started hurtling rocks at the Roman soldiers. By the fourth century BC, the story was accepted … In the course of centuries Rome grew from a small town on the Tiber River in central Italy into a vast empire that ultimately embraced England, most of … Their teacher was called a litterator who taught reading, writing, basic arithmetic, and perhaps some Greek. The myth is confirmed by historical findings: archaeological excavations revealed that the area has been inhabited since 1000 B.C. Their sweat and skin scrapings were put into a bottle and sold to women as an aphrodisiac. Third-century records show there were around 44,000 insulae in Rome. They would leave the house more often, spend time in the company of strangers, and even begin an education away from home if their parents could afford it. According to Roman writings, these would “prevent harm from coming” to the people who wore them. The most accessible choice for most Roman freemen was to join the army. Emperor Tiberius: 20 Facts about Ancient Rome’s Unpopular Leader. Whatever you need a website for, create yours today with Wix: https://www.wix.com/go/infographics2019 What was life like for Roman slaves? Some of them even had articulated limbs, while others could be dressed and accessorized with jewelry. After growing up, Romulus fought and killed Remus, becoming the first … The Trajan Market was filled with at least 150 different shops. It also meant that Rome was one of the most crowded places to grow up in. The pater familias was the oldest living male, so if the father died, the eldest son would take his place. In fact, Romans going to the bathroom would carry special combs designed to shave out lice. On top of that, the town was filled with prostitutes, which gave even the street tiles their own special little touch of obscenity. The Roman Senate. Until the ages of 12 and 14 for girls and boys, respectively, children were impuberes, or pubertati proximus in the cases of those close to reaching the threshold. Even though pater familias meant “father of the family”, the father did not always occupy that role. The dry cleaners collected urine from the public toilets. The volcanic eruption that buried Pompeii left it wonderfully preserved for archaeologists. People would pray to Fortuna before stepping inside. Worse than that, though, was the methane buildup—which sometimes got so bad that it would ignite and explode underneath you. Their potential marriage was seen as a rare opportunity to climb the social ladder. His writing also appears on a number of other sites, including The Onion's StarWipe and Cracked.com. The arts can be seen in the pottery, painting and wall painting. They became very powerful and conquered other lands. Snakes were also kept as pets, although they were more of a religious symbol and were unlikely to be found in an average household. A man from a wealthy family would likely have sex with a slave, while a commoner would visit a prostitute. The ways they used it are the last ones you’d expect. This was so popular that when Rome banned gladiatorial combat, people kept the treatment going by drinking the blood of decapitated prisoners. The sponge would never get cleaned—and you shared it with everybody else there. Here they moved past the practical knowledge needed for everyday life and began studying arts and poetry. 2. Flavius Josephus, a Jewish priest, wrote the first description of a mooning while describing a riot in Jerusalem. Sometimes, they even wore them around their necks. Alternatively, the family needed a connection in order to secure their child an apprenticeship with a master. They had patricians who were rich nobles and owner a lot of land. They were also a little strange, like, “vote for your horse to the Senate” weird. The first problem was that creatures living in the sewage system would crawl up and bite people while they did their business. Sharp curves and rickety bridges in Rome often had a penis drawn on them to grant good luck to every passerby. Ancient Romans Socialized at Community Toilets As the floors kept climbing, they not only got more cramped but also more dangerous. It lasted from birth until the age of seven, both for girls and boys. Ancient Rome has always been interesting for kids, and Rome today is a cool, kid-friendly place to visit. However, after the conquest of Greece in 146 B.C., the Greek education system started spreading through the empire. On the battlefield, the Romans were a force the world had never seen before, an unparalleled war machine that could sweep through cities and absorb entire countries into its borders. Understanding people in the past can be fun, learning about ancient Rome is interesting and enjoyable. However, Rome was much more than the foundation of democracy, emperors, and the ascent of the Roman gods. During Passover, Roman soldiers were sent to stand outside of Jerusalem to keep watch in case the people revolted. The Romulus and Remus story is a myth. Our fun facts about ancient Rome + travel tips!|Ancient Rome has always been interesting for kids, and Rome today is a cool, kid-friendly place to visit. Workers would fill a tub full of clothing and pee, and then one poor soul would be sent in to stomp all over the clothing to wash it out. In some areas, people used urine as a mouthwash, which they claimed kept their teeth shining white. Some organizers made gladiators fight with wild beasts like lions, tigers, elephants and sometimes hippopotamuses, rhinoceroses, wild horses, etc. At 25,846 people per square-kilometer, Manhattan has the highest population density of any American locale. Dolls and puppets were the most common toys for girls. As a militaristic empire, Rome was rarely short on wars and always had a need for soldiers. Infants were often entertained with a rattle called a crepitaculum. Which is nothing compared to how they cleaned their teeth. As so often when happens when looking backward into history, we see Rome as a mirror of our own time. 2) By AD 117 the Roman Empire included the whole of Italy, all the lands around the Mediterranean and much of … 10 Being Welcomed into the Family. Penises were pretty popular in Rome. 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